A boundary survey (also known as a property survey) is a way to formally define the boundaries of a property. It focuses largely on defining the corners of a parcel of land. People generally commission boundary surveys before buying, dividing, improving, or building on land. After a boundary survey is complete, a land surveyor will create a drawing, create a legal description, and provide a surveyor’s report.
An ALTA survey is the most detailed form of survey available. ALTA’s are generally used in the transfer of ownership of commercial property, but may be used in other situations as well. Typically, zoning information, building height and setback requirements, underground utilities, parking stripes and adjoiner information are included as part of the ALTA.
A licensed land surveyor can prepare adequate land descriptions for new parcels or locate boundaries as described in existing deeds.
An easement is the right to use, cross or access another’s piece of land without assuming ownership. Easements are commonly granted to utility companies (utility easements) to run various lines across the land. Some may affect where you can place fences or other structures on your property and can also be used for roadways and other uses for access as well.